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Category: Occupational Medicine

Occupational Medicine

Arylamines In The Development of Bladder Cancer

Review of Literature and Status of Arylamines In The Development of Bladder Cancer Bladder cancer accounts for the 11th most common cancer worldwide. (1) It was the first cancer to be identified as being associated with occupational exposure when in 1895 Dr. Ludwig Rehn reported on bladder cancer in German aniline dye workers. (2) Since…

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Discussion on Heroin and its Effects

Heroin (diacetylmorphine) is a semisynthetic narcotic that was first synthesized in 1874. It was originally marketed as a safer, non-addictive substitute to morphine. Soon after its introduction, heroin was realized to be clearly as addictive as morphine, prompting the US government to institute measures to control its use. By 1914, the Harrison Narcotics Act prohibited…

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Alternative Specimens – Drug Testing

Drug use in the workplace continues to be a problem in the United States, as large numbers of illegal drug users pose a danger to themselves and others. The most common technique for detecting drug use in the workplace is urine drug testing. Problems with this technique include the lack of long-term drug detection and the inability to correlate test results with impairment. Other specimens for drug testing include saliva, hair, and sweat.

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Organic Solvent-induced Neurotoxity

Organic solvents are a chemical class of compounds that are used routinely in commercial industries. These compounds exist in liquid form at room temperature, and are useful because they can dissolve fats, oils, resins, rubbers, and plastics. Short-term, high level exposure to these compounds can result in reversible and irreversible health effects. Studies have demonstrated that some effects can persist for months to years after employees are removed from the area with solvent exposure.

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